XB-FEAT-5825104

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idh3b

This is the community wiki page for the gene idh3b please feel free to add any information that is relevant to this gene that is not already captured elsewhere in Xenbase.

nomenclature changes

05.13.19 Human name has changed for Entrez Gene: 3420. From isocitrate dehydrogenase 3 (NAD(+)) beta to isocitrate dehydrogenase (NAD(+)) 3 beta

Summary from NCBI for human IDH3B

Isocitrate dehydrogenases catalyze the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to 2-oxoglutarate. These enzymes belong to two distinct subclasses, one of which utilizes NAD(+) as the electron acceptor and the other NADP(+). Five isocitrate dehydrogenases have been reported: three NAD(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenases, which localize to the mitochondrial matrix, and two NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenases, one of which is mitochondrial and the other predominantly cytosolic. NAD(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenases catalyze the allosterically regulated rate-limiting step of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Each isozyme is a heterotetramer that is composed of two alpha subunits, one beta subunit, and one gamma subunit. The protein encoded by this gene is the beta subunit of one isozyme of NAD(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]