XB-FEAT-942121

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ptpn12

This is the community wiki page for the gene ptpn12 please feel free to add any information that is relevant to this gene that is not already captured elsewhere in Xenbase.

nomenclature changes

05.13.19 Human name has changed for Entrez Gene: 5782. From protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 12 to protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 12

Summary from NCBI for human PTPN12

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. This PTP contains a C-terminal PEST motif, which serves as a protein-protein interaction domain, and may regulate protein intracellular half-life. This PTP was found to bind and dephosphorylate the product of the oncogene c-ABL and thus may play a role in oncogenesis. This PTP was also shown to interact with, and dephosphorylate, various products related to cytoskeletal structure and cell adhesion, such as p130 (Cas), CAKbeta/PTK2B, PSTPIP1, and paxillin. This suggests it has a regulatory role in controlling cell shape and mobility. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]